Muriel Heagney’s 60 year campaign for Equal Pay

Today we commemorate the life of Muriel Heagney, a union hero and long-term campaigner for equal pay who died on 14 May 1974.

Muriel was born in 1885 in Melbourne and by the early 1910s had become a committed trade unionist.

She spent six decades campaigning for the rights of working women, particularly for Equal Pay.

During the First World War she was the only woman clerk at the Defence Department by day, and an ardent campaigner against conscription outside working hours.

Through the 1920s and 1930s she was a prominent leader of union women and an advocate for workers’ education.

This included her work for the Australian union movement in preparing submissions to the royal commissions on the basic wage in 1923 and 1927.

Muriel also worked the Clothing Trades Union on its arbitration court submissions seeking equality in the basic wage for working women.

Her growing reputation as a union researcher saw her take up a brief posting with the International Labor Organization in Geneva, as well as represent the Trades Hall Council at the first British Commonwealth Labour Conference, held in London.

During the dark years of the Great Depression Muriel remained an active campaigner for working women.

She helped establish the Unemployed Girls’ Relief Movement in 1930, at a time when few were paying attention to the plight of young unemployed women.

In 1935 she wrote a celebrated pamphlet titled Are Women Taking Men’s Jobs? in which she busted sexist myths of the time and prosecuted the case for equal pay for women.

# 15417 HEAGNEY, Muriel Are women taking men’s jobs? : a survey of women’s work in Victoria with special regard to equal status, equal pay, and equality of opportunity.

In 1937 she was a leading light in the foundation of the union Council of Action for Equal Pay, which led the campaign for gender equity. She was instrumental in inspiring the ACTU to adopt equal pay as a policy in 1941.

From 1943 to 1947 she was an organiser for the Amalgamated Engineering Union – and during the Second World War many of the women who entered industry during the war did receive equal pay, or very close to it.

Muriel continued to campaign and write in favour of equal pay. She lived to see the 1969 and 1972 national cases that made equal pay law.

She died one week after the 1974 National Wage Case granted women equality in the national minimum wage.

Muriel Heagney is a hero of our movement, and today we remember her, and continue the fight for gender equality in her spirit.

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